The earliest Egyptian temples had been constructed across the center of the 4th millennium BC within the form of reed huts. The final development on an Egyptian temple was at Philae which ceased for use within the sixth century AD. So not surprisingly, this listing of historical Egyptian Temples covers an enormous number of totally different buildings that developed over an unlimited time frame and an Egypt tour wouldn’t be full with out visiting a minimum of certainly one of these temples.
10. Medinet Habu
Located on the West Bank of Luxor, Medinet Habu is the Arabic title for an enormous temple advanced second solely to Karnak in measurement and higher preserved. Pharaohs Hatshepsut and Tutmosis III constructed a small temple devoted to Amun on the positioning. Next to their temple, Ramesses III constructed his mortuary temple, Medinet Habu’s largest standing monument. Ramesses III then enclosed each buildings inside a large mud-brick wall that included storehouses, workshops, and residences.
9. Temple of Kom Ombo
Situated on a excessive dune overlooking the Nile, The Temple of Kom Ombo is an uncommon double temple constructed throughout the Ptolemaic dynasty. The precise temple was began by Ptolemy VI Philometor within the early second century BC. The Temple of Kom Ombo is definitely two temples and all the things is duplicated alongside the primary axis. There are two entrances, two courts, two colonades, two hypostyle halls and two sanctuaries.
8. Colossi of Memnon
Built round 1350 BC, The Colossi of Memnon are two huge stone statues depicting Pharaoh Amenhotep III in a seated place. The unique perform of the Colossi was to face guard on the entrance to the Amenhotep’s mortuary temple the place he was worshipped each earlier than and after his departure from this world. Once the most important temples of historical Egypt it’s at present virtually utterly disappeared aside from the 2 statues. Both statues are fairly broken although, with the options above the waist just about unrecognizable.
7. Philae Temples
The island of Philae was the middle of the cult of the goddess Isis. The first temple on the island was constructed by native pharaohs of the thirtieth dynasty. The temple development continued over a 3 century interval by the Greek Ptolemaic dynasty and the Roman rulers. The Roman Emperor Trajan constructed the Trajan’s Kiosk in 100 AD which in all probability served as a river entrance into the bigger temple of Isis. In the Sixties the temple and different monuments on the island had been transported to the island of Agilika by UNESCO to put it aside from being submerged by the rising waters of the Nile as a result of development of the Aswan High Dam. The island of Philae is now buried beneath Lake Nasser.
6. Temple of Edfu
The Temple of Edfu, devoted to the falcon god Horus, is the second largest Egyptian temple after Karnak and among the best preserved. The development of this temple started in 237 BC throughout the reign of Ptolemy III, and accomplished virtually two centuries later in 57 BC by Ptolemy XII, the daddy of the well-known Cleopatra. This temple consists of conventional parts of Egyptian Temples of the New Kingdom, along with just a few Greek parts comparable to the home of start (the Mammisi).
5. Temple of Seti I
The Temple of Seti I is the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Seti I on the west financial institution of the Nile in Abydos. The historical temple was constructed in direction of the tip of the reign of Seti, and should have been accomplished by his son Ramesses the Great after his loss of life in 1279 BC. The temple comprises the Abydos King List. It is a chronological listing of many dynastic pharaohs of Egypt from Menes, the Egyptian king credited with founding the First dynasty, till Ramesses I, Seti’s father.
4. Temple of Hatshepsut
The Mortuary temple of Hatshepsut, who dominated Egypt from round 1479 BC till her loss of life in 1458 BC, is located on the west financial institution of the Nile. It is a colonnaded construction, which was designed and applied by Senemut, the royal architect of Hatshepsut, to serve for her posthumous worship and to honor the glory of Amun. The temple is constructed right into a cliff face that rises sharply above it and consists of three layered terraces reaching 30 meters (97 ft ) in peak. These terraces are linked by lengthy ramps which had been as soon as surrounded by gardens.
3. Luxor Temple
The Luxor Temple is positioned on the east financial institution of the River Nile within the historical metropolis of Thebes and was based in 1400 BC throughout the New Kingdom. The temple was devoted to the three Egyptian gods Amun, Mut, and Chons. The temple was the middle of the pageant of Opet, Thebes’ most essential pageant. During the annual pageant the statues of the three Gods had been escorted from the temple of Amun in Karnak to the temple of Luxor alongside the avenue of sphinxes that join the two temples. Today Luxor is the premier journey vacation spot in Upper Egypt and lots of Nile cruises begin or finish within the metropolis.
2. Abu Simbel
The twin temples of Abu Simbel had been carved out of the mountainside throughout the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses The Great within the thirteenth century BC, as an enduring monument to himself and his queen Nefertari. The advanced was relocated in its entirety within the Sixties to keep away from their being submerged throughout the creation of Lake Nasser, the huge synthetic water reservoir shaped after the constructing of a dam on the Nile. Abu Simbel stays a high Egypt tour vacation spot.
Although badly ruined, few points of interest of an Egypt tour are extra spectacular than Karnak. It is the most important historical spiritual web site on the planet, and represents the mixed achievement of many generations of Egyptian builders. The Temple of Karnak truly consists of three predominant Egyptian temples, smaller enclosed temples, and several other outer temples positioned about 2.5 kilometers north of Luxor. It took millennia to construct and improve the huge Karnak Temple. However, many of the work on Karnak was carried out by the pharaohs of the New Kingdom (1570-1100 BC). One of most well-known buildings of Karnak is the Hypostyle Hall, a corridor space of 5,000 m2 (50,000 sq ft) with 134 huge columns organized in 16 rows.