US M1 Abrams vs. Ukraine’s T-72 tanks: Here’s how they evaluate

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WASHINGTON – Ukrainian troops will most likely be armed with what White House officers identify “the best tank in the world” after President Biden launched Wednesday that Washington will current Kyiv with 31 M1 Abrams tanks.

Ukraine has relied on Soviet-era T-72 tanks given that Russian invasion began remaining Feb. 24. The Russians generally make use of later T-72 iterations developed throughout the years since Ukraine gained its independence in 1991.

US officers haven’t said what iteration of the M1 it will ship Ukraine, though the tanks will most likely be procured from the safety enterprise comparatively than the current stockpile – which means they’re extra prone to embody just a few of the latest upgrades.

Thousands of tanks on all sides have been destroyed throughout the 11-month-old warfare, though it’s unclear what variety of keep in play. Ukraine claims to have destroyed 3,161 Russian tanks whereas Russia says it’s eradicated 7,617 Ukrainian “tanks and other armored fighting vehicles,” the nations’ respective safety ministries said Wednesday.


American Abrams tanks
President Biden launched Wednesday that Washington will current Kyiv with 31 M1 Abrams tanks.
NurPhoto by means of Getty Images

While it could take as a lot as a yr for America’s M1s to succeed in in Ukraine, the addition is anticipated to supply the war-torn nation a leg up on Russia.

The M1’s superior maneuverability will play a helpful place in traversing the massive, flat open ranges throughout the Donbas space of jap Ukraine, the place the overwhelming majority of stopping has been occurring given that warfare’s early months. The US tanks moreover boast increased lethality and survivability and are equipped with superior cannons, weapons and armor than the T-72.

The Army declined The Post’s request for an interview regarding the M1’s capabilities whereas “we await additional guidance from the Department of Defense,” nonetheless well-known that the tanks outcompeted T-72s in prior conflicts, most notably the Gulf War and the 2003 US invasion of Iraq.

Here’s a deeper check out how the tanks evaluate:


A Russian T-72 tank
Ukraine has relied on Soviet-era T-72 tanks given that Russian invasion began remaining Feb. 24.
Getty Images

Maneuverability

With quite a lot of 290 miles per hour, the T-72 can journey barely further than the M1’s 265 miles sooner than refueling – though it’s moreover 10 tons lighter than the American tank, which is outfitted with heavier armor for increased survivability.

While the T-72’s prime velocity of 47 mph is barely higher than the M1’s 42 mph, the system is far a lot much less agile than its American numerous. For occasion, it’s incapable of driving in reverse at velocity – a key performance the M1s and totally different Western packages such as a result of the German Leopard 2 can current.

The T-72’s diesel engine does present a slight profit over the M1’s gasoline turbine engine –that requires jet gasoline, which is more durable to hunt out downrange. However, the US will be sending 8 AM-88 restoration autos with the tanks, which can help tow M1s that run out of gasoline.

Lethality

The M1 boasts a 120mm XM256 smoothbore cannon, a extreme velocity – and very appropriate – weapon that will destroy enemy tanks and totally different arduous targets. The cannon can efficiently hit targets as loads as 1.86 miles away.

It moreover includes a 7.62 mm M240, a belt-fed, gasoline operated, medium-sized coaxial machine gun. The M240 can fire as a lot as 950 rounds per minute and has a firing fluctuate of higher than 2.3 miles.

Additionally, the US tank is supplied with a .50-caliber M2 machine gun, which could shoot 850 rounds per minute and strike targets as far as 4.2 miles away.

By comparability, the T-72 is supplied with a 2A46 125mm smoothbore gun that has the an identical 1.86-mile firing fluctuate as a result of the M1’s 120mm cannon, along with an 7.62 mm machine gun very similar to the American mannequin.

However, its 12.8mm NSV secondary machine gun spits about 700-800 rounds per minute at at quite a lot of decrease than a mile away, making it far inferior to the M1’s .50-caliber M2 machine gun.


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